The importance of ADAM family proteins in malignant tumors

Katarzyna Walkiewicz 1, Monika Gętek 1, Małgorzata Muc-Wierzgoń 1, Teresa Kokot 1, Ewa Nowakowska-Zajdel 2
1 - Katedra i Oddział Kliniczny Chorób Wewnętrznych, Śląski Uniwersytet Medyczny w Katowicach, Szpital Specjalistyczny Nr 1 w Bytomiu
2 - Katedra i Zakład Chorób Żywieniowozależnych, Wydział Zdrowia Publicznego w Bytomiu, Śląski Uniwersytet Medyczny w Katowicach
Postepy Hig Med Dosw
2016; 70 67-73
ICID: 1194615
Article type: Review article
 
 
Increasing numbers of reports about the role of adamalysins (ADAM) in malignant tumors are being published. To date, more than 30 representatives of this group, out of which about 20 occur in humans, have been described. The ADAM family is a homogeneous group of proteins which regulate, from the stage of embryogenesis, a series of processes such as cell migration, adhesion, and cell fusion. Half of them have proteolytic activity and are involved in the degradation of the extracellular matrix and the disintegration of certain protein complexes, thereby regulating the bioavailability of various growth factors. Many of these functions have a direct role in the processes of carcinogenesis and promoting the growth of tumor, which affect some signaling pathways, including those related to insulin-like growth factors (IGF1, IGF2), vascular growth factor (VEGF), tumor necrosis factor α (TNFα) and the EGFR/HER pathway. Another branch of studies is the evaluation of the possibility of using members of ADAM family proteins in the diagnosis, especially in breast, colon and non- small cell lung cancer. The detection of concentrations of adamalysin in serum, urine and pleural aspirates might contribute to the development of methods of early diagnosis of cancer and monitoring the therapy. However, both the role of adamalysins in the development and progression of tumors and their importance as a diagnostic and predictive further research still need to be checked on large groups of patients.
DOI: 10.5604/17322693.1194615
PMID 26864065 - kliknij tu by zobaczyć artykuł w bazie danych PubMed
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